Tibet

Climate

Tibet has an exclusive geographical character, which makes it cool in summer, cold in winter, and usually dry, getting only 18 inches (450 millimeters) of snow or rain. Sunlight is extremely strong. The slight air neither blocks nor holds heat, so sunshine feels warm, shadows are chilly, and temperatures can vary greatly within a day, exceeding 84 F (29  ) in summer, and dropping below 40 F (4  ) the same night. Lhasa's night-time lows in winter are around 16 F (-9 ). The higher one can go the colder it gets, and the winds in winter are fierce. Rainfall in southern Tibet occurs from time to time between May and September, bringing moisture to barley fields and greenery to the valleys. The most pleasant months are April to October.

Best time to visit

The climate in Tibet fit in to the typical fluffy special climate. Here climates varies in different areas, temperatures can be also varied greatly within a single day. Climate in southeastern Tibet (example: Nyingchi) is gentle and temperate with the average temperature of eight degrees; In western Tibet (example: Nakqu), the average temperature is below zero degree; While in Lhasa and the central part of Tibet, the climate is normal and nice for traveling. Visitors would not feel hot in summer nor cold in winter, particularly from March to October. Nearly all annual rainfall comes in the rainy season that starts between May to September, when the precipitation in tours covers 90 percent of the whole year. Usually it rains at night in Lhasa, Shigatse and Chamdo area. So generally speaking, the best time to travel Tibet is between April and October, and peak season is from May to September.

History

In 100 BC people in Tibet had learned irrigation and grew barley and rice as well as raising herds of domestic animals. Tibet was divided into two different kingdoms in the 6th century AD but again early in the 7th century AD Tibet became a unified state. Buddhism came to Tibet in 8th century from India. Samaye was the first Buddhist Monastery which became ready in 779 AD century. However the religion Bon did not die but exchanged various things from Tibetan Buddhism.
While Mongols came in power in Asia in the early 13th century they acquired Tibet also and started to rule,  In the early 13th century the Mongols conquered a vast empire across Asia. In 1207 Tibet submitted to the Mongols. As a result, although Tibet became a dependent landholder in feudal society it was never fully absorbed into the Mongolian Empire. In the 15th century several new monasteries were founded in Tibet.

Surprisingly Tibet isolated itself from the rest of the world In the 18th century. British invaded Tibet in 20th century and made a hold on entire land, while they were ruling India. In 1914 the British convinced the Chinese to agree to a settlement called the Simla Convention between the countries. In this treaty they divided Tibet into two regions, Outer Tibet and Inner Tibet. The Dalai Lama ruled Outer Tibet (although China claimed suzerainty or lose control). The Chinese were given limited control over Inner Tibet, although the treaty said Tibet would not be captivated into China. Non of these countries were happy with this treaty. However in 1959 offense of Chinese rule led to a revolt. The insurgence was quickly crushed and the Dalai Lama fled to India.
Under Chinese rule serfdom was abolished and in 1965 Tibet was made an sovereign region. The Dalai Lama received Nobel prize for peace in 1989 and continue living in India and trying for Tibet’s freedom.

Chinese government started railway service between Lhasa to Beijing in 2006, the highest railway in the world. However in March 2008 Tibetan anger against Chinese rule boiled over into rioting in Lhasa. Today the population of Tibet is 2.7 million.

Cuisine

Tibetan Cuisine is not only nourishment, but also help out Tibetan people stay alive in the insensitive climates. Their food helps to keep them warm, helps them with the high altitude, give them energy, and give them necessary nutrients against harsh climate. Due to the high altitude of Tibet, water boils at 90 degrees making cooking with water impossible, and vegetables are inadequate in the high altitude, so Tibetan cuisine has become very specified. The main ingredients in Tibetan foods are dairy products and meat. It has a strong effect of Indian food and some Chinese food The, but is uniquely Tibetan.

Tsampa, is the fasten food of Tibet. It is made in to steamed called momo or rolled in noodles. Yak, goat or mutton is used to cook in spicy stew or can be used dries as well. Butter, cheese and yoghurt are also one of the main dish and frequently used. Butter tea is most popular drink here.

Culture

Tibet's has its unique culture in the world, which has been form over thousands of years. It is one of the characteristics of Tibet that most guests will find most fascinating. Tibetan's hospitality is well-known and many Tibetans find it a great admiration to welcome guests into their homes and care for them to a great evening of food, wine and dancing. Tibet's unique common cultures such as dress, manners, marriage and burial rituals are multi-colored, exclusive, and remarkable. Due to the isolation and detachment of the Himalayan region.

Tibet has several unique forms of singing and dancing: Guoxie (circle dance; Duixie (tap dance), Zhuoxie (drum dance) Presenting hada is a common practice among the Tibetan people to express their best wishes on many occasions. Tibetan art, music, and literature are all strongly influenced by religion.

Places of visit in Tibet 

If you want to experience the true Buddhism and Culture then Tibet is the best place. A long span of time has been taken to come in present form, centuries old monasteries, snow copped mountains, hundreds of Unspoiled lakes and open grasslands, everything seems unique while u visiting here.

In Tibetan language meaning of Lhasa is Lhasa “Land of Gods”, It is capital of Tibet sovereign Region, the most illustrious architectural works in Tibet is Potala Palace, it has been built on top of the Hill in Lhasa, Narbulingka is a summer palace: build on the bank of river Kyichi, Jokhang Temple & Barkhor Bazaar is the principal monastery in Tibet, it was built in 7th century and now housing the most respected Buddhist relic (a 1300 year old Sakyamuni Buddha statue), Tsetang (Zetang) is also an attraction where old Tibetan religion and civilization came in to existance, Various other monasteries. And Mt. Kailash Kaliash "Jewels of Snow" and beliefs of Hinduism, is the most sacred mountain in Asia, situated to the north of the Himalayan barrier in Tibet.

Tibet visa & Documents

All individuals entering Tibet must hold a passport valid for at least six months. Some documents must be required for a foreign national to visit freely in Tibet. First one is Chinese Visa, which can be obtain from Chinese Embassy in own country, another one is Tibet Permit to enter in Tibet, which can be obtain from Tibet Tourism Bureau for restricting the number of foreign tourists traveling in Tibet. Another one is the Travel Permit when you are planning to travel to the closed areas in Tibet this you can obtain it after you arrive in Tibet, and the other is Military Permit, which you can obtain if you are planning to travel to some military sensitive areas.

If you are entering in Tibet from Nepal, either by highway or by air requires a separate visa valid for Tibet from the Chinese embassy in Katmandu (30-60 day visas are the norm and it normally takes 2 week days to obtain it.)

Getting in to Tibet

Except from China, Kathmandu is the only place from where you can enter into Tibet. You can book you ticket in advance or during your stay in Nepal its easily available. Tickets must be purchased through a travel agency.
There are restrictions on travelling to Tibet. So before you start you should to Read more about Tibet.

Tibet

Duration:06 Nights/07 Days
Destinations Covered:Kathmandu - Lhasa - Kathmandu
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Overland Tibet Tour

Duration: 15 nights / 16 Days
Destinations Covered: Kathmandu : Naylam : Saga
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Tibet Fly in

Duration: 15 nights / 16 Days
Destinations Covered:Delhi – Thimpu – Punakha – Bumthang – Paro – Delhi
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